pH Down is a 29% concentrated Phosphoric Acid solution that rapidly lowers pH levels with its gentle, non-burning formula. pH controls is essential for stimulating vigorous plant growth. The pH scale measures acidity or alkalinity on a scale of 0-14. Below 7.0 the pH is acidic. Above 7.0 , the pH is alkaline. 7.0 is neutral. The best pH for general plant growth is in the range of 5.5 to 6.5, slightly acidic. Nutrient solution that is too high (basic) or too low (acidic) cannot be properly absorbed by plants. Incorrect nutrient solution pH can cause slow growth, sickly plants and low yields. We have a full range of control solutions, essential in the proper management of nutrients in hydroponic systems.